Monday, June 13, 2016

Straw Bale Gardening Revisited

Straw Bale Gardening Revisited

The production from our straw bale garden was so good in 2015, we decided to expand it for 2016.  We purchased the bales from a local seed store this year.  The bales were shorter, less dense and since we've started watering the plants in them, have found that they have a lot of grass seed in them.  We'll purchase straw from the farmer again next year.

We purchased compost to put on them this year rather than mining compost from our basically compost pit this year.  The purchased compost came from the local conservancy district composting yard and was mostly created from yard shrub and small branch trimmings.  The purchased compost certainly doesn't match the quality from our composting boxes, but seems to be holding the water and nutrients OK so far.

We used the same drip watering and plant suspension systems that we used last year.  The only difference is the addition of 8 ft of length on the bales and the support structure.  Click here to read all of the construction details and season growth photos from 2015.

This post covers the 2016 growing season with photos and discussion added throughout the season.  We can already tell that using straw bales was the right choice again this year.  We've added peppers, spaghetti squash and cucumbers to the bales in addition to a dozen varieties of tomatoes.

11 May 2016


View of the bales covered in compost after being treated for 10 days to prepare them for planting.  We are using tomato rings on electrical conduit, gardening twine and nylon garden mesh for support again this year.  We are also testing plastic tomato support rings this year.



Planting tomatoes and peppers that we grew in our greenhouse.  All you have to do is create a hole in the bale by thrusting in a gardening trowel and pulling the straw apart enough to accept the root ball of the plants.



Once again we planted tomatoes directly into the ground on the outside of the support structure.  The ground in this strip is nutritionally rich being composed of almost 12" of compost from our large compost pile and 2" of yard soil.



The straw bale garden was planted on 11 May 2016, after the last normal frost date in Utah.




Drip system taps to 4 GPH emitters that water each plant.  We water 10 minutes in the morning and 10 minutes in the afternoon.  Straw bales hold 3 - 5 gallons of water when fully saturated.   


19 May 2016


The greenhouse was empty for the first time in several months.



One week after planting.  The tomatoes were already well established and growing.



The squash and cucumber plants love the straw bales.  The peppers took a little longer to form an equal growth rate.



We added a row of marigolds from the greenhouse in front of the ground planted tomatoes for both color and some protection from garden pests.  The hanging flower baskets are watered by the drip system too and the plants have begun to establish themselves.  



6 June 2016


Plants in the garden boxes are growing well.  We added a few new (to us and thus experimental)  tomato plants to them this year.  The "A-frames" in the background will be covered with cucumbers to a 10ft height in 45 - 50 days.



The ground plants are growing as fast as the plants in the straw bales thanks to the rich growing medium in which they were planted.



We are using plastic support clips this year that attach to the normal garden twine.  Wrapping the tomatoes around the twine works well but some of our tomatoes started to slip down last year due to the weight of the fruit.  This year, we are combining clips and some twine wrapping for the larger sized fruit varieties.  We picked many 1lb plus fruits from them last year.  One plant had almost 100 - 1lb plus sized fruits on it at the same time, hence the weight / support issue.



The plants are now growing between 1 1/2" and 2" a day.  They are reaching for the 2nd support ring and will soon be supported by it.


9 June 2016


Three days after the previous photo.  The plants have grown 7" and now extend through the 2nd support rings in many cases.  This growth rate will continue for the next 45 - 55 days when the heavy production of ripe fruit will begin in earnest.




The ground planted tomatoes are also growing 3" a day.  The Brandywine variety are growing 4" a day.




The straw bale garden 3 weeks after it was planted.  Extreme growth will continue during the coming weeks.   All of the plants are constantly pruned for suckers and some of the bottom leaves and branches.  We left most of the bottom leaves on last year and the production rate didn't seem to suffer.  We will probably leave the bottom leaves on again this year because our grandchildren love to play in the "green room".  By the 3rd week of July the ceiling of the support structure should be fully covered with tomato vines, at which time the "green room" becomes the "haunted forest" according to the wee ones.


14 June 2016

It may not seem possible but the tomatoes are growing almost 3" a day overall.  Note the difference in their heights between the above photo and the one below.  The magic comes from prepared straw bales, compost and plant food.  Then plan on adding support to the plants almost daily for the next few months.




25 Jun 2016

The growth rate continues at just over 2" a day.  The weight of the plants is starting to hold them back from stretching upward at a 3" per day height gain now.  The stocks of most of the plants are about twice as thick as my (a man's) thumb.  Some of the plants have now topped the 4th ring in the ring supports.  

The tomatoes growing in the front of the straw bales were planted in 12" of rich compost.  They too are growing at an amazing 2 1/2" a day.  Many of them are now 5' tall.  All three of the Brandywine varieties continue to lag just behind the Early Girls in growth.   All of the Early Girl plants are covered in green tomatoes.  We are a little surprised that the Golden Rave's are growing at a much slower rate than any of the other varieties.  This is the first year we have tried that variety and aren't sure what to expect from them.   Of interest, two of the Yellow Pear plants are now over 5' tall.  The Pineapple, Black Vernissage and Cherokee Purple plants are holding their own.  All three varieties of the Beef Stake's are about the same height as the other plants that produce large fruit.  The Rutger's plants started slow but are rapidly catching up with the other varieties now.


  





30 June 2016

The weight of the plants is starting to slow their height even though they are all supported multiple times along their length.

Many of the plants will be taller than the support structure in a couple of days and I will train them over the top to be supported by the netting that covers the 'roof' of the structure.

The Early Girl plants are well populated with fruit as are the Yellow Pear plants.  The larger varieties are now setting fruit as well.  All of the plants are covered in blossoms.  The pepper plants in two of the bales look tiny in comparison even though they are 16" tall.




30 June 2016 - Height 7 ft

7 Jul 2016

The majority of the tomatoes have grown taller than the support frame now.  They will be trained over the "ceiling" in the coming days and will be supported by the garden netting that covers it.

The Early Girls are fairly heavily populated with green fruit as are the Yellow Pear.  Some of the larger variety of fruits are now setting tomatoes as well.  The Golden Raves are surprising us this year with early setting of fruit.



The bales hosting green pepper plants appear to be almost empty holes in an otherwise green wall, yet the peppers are tall.

7 July 2016 - The plants have topped the height of the frame and will now be trained over the ceiling netting.

10 July 2016
The heat has really brought growth to the plants. We are now seeing between 3 1/2" - 4" of growth per day.  Most plants have set fruit.  Some of it is sizable now and will be ready to harvest in the not too distant future.  The cucumber plant growing in the bales is producing  5 - 6 cukes a day.  The melon planted in the bales has vines about 10 ft long and has set numerous fruit.

Many of the tomatoes are now over 8 ft in height and we have started training them over the ceiling netting of the support frame.  If the current rate of growth continues, they should completely cover the ceiling / roof by the 3rd week of July.  As a reminder, we didn't set the plants out until the week after Mother's Day and they were about 5 - 6" tall at that time.


10 July 2016 - many of the tomato plants are over 8 ft in height and we are starting to train them over the roof / ceiling.

The green peppers on bales adjacent to the tomatoes look small at 3 ft in height.  Their neighbors are over 8 ft tall.


The melon plant in the bales has vines over 10 ft in length and has set dozens of melons.

15 July 2016

The weight of the plants is starting to pull the support netting down on the walls.  Fruit is setting heavily on all but the largest varieties.  They will produce fewer fruit but their fruit will be considerably larger in size and weight than the early producing plants.

The view inside of the straw bale garden.  The ceiling will be covered in plants by the end of July.




















26 Jul 2016

The tomato plants have topped 9 ft in height and are starting to cover the "ceiling" of the support structure.

Almost all plants are now taller than the support structure



The path on the inside is closing off as the plants expand horizontally as well as vertically


The plants are starting to close over the ceiling netting.  We will be picking fruit from the ceiling in weeks.


The bales are starting to collapse as they slowly turn into compost by next spring.


Tomatoes cover the plants like clusters of grapes


The fruit from some varieties like the Pineapple tomatoes are approaching 2 lbs in weight


The tomatoes are engulfing the hanging flower pots


The support structure has almost been engulfed in tomato plants.  The large fruit varieties on seen on this end

We highly recommend straw bale gardening.  Read about the design and the simple instructions to build them along with the support methods we use in this earlier post.


4 Aug 2016

The tomatoes are producing fairly profusely now.  The large varieties weigh so much, we are having to constantly add additional supports to the vines to support their weight.


The aisle inside the bale "U" has almost grown closed.  The plants continue to push skyward and will soon pull down onto the netting across the top of the structure.  We are leaving the top open as long as possible for addition sunlight inside of the "U".

Note the size of the fruit in relation to a garbage can lid

Many tomatoes will weigh in excess of 3 lbs this year.



The walls of plants are now about 4 ft thick and are almost 10 ft in height.

Even the large fruit is growing in clusters.

The clusters are comprised of fruit the size of baseballs and softballs.


Clearing the bottom leaves and branches this season has opened up the fruit to easier picking.

The melon plant growing from the bales has exploded to almost fill the entrance and "U" inside the bales as well as extending several dozen feet under the adjacent rose bushes.

The lower branches and leaves are starting to die back as the plants are reaching the end of their growing life.


13 Aug 2016

The harvest has begun in earnest with several bushels of fruit being harvested every few days.  We wondered if we would be able to eat all of the spaghetti sauce, relishes and juices from the harvest last year, but a few visits from grandchildren quickly remedied any concerns on that topic.  


The support structure is now fully engulfed.  The tomatoes are over 10 ft. in height.



Honey Dew melons love growing in straw bales



The Early Girl tomatoes continue to heavily produce fruit in the 2nd week of August




The Yellow Brandywine's all exceed 3 lbs with many 4 lb fruits



It has been another banner year in the straw bale garden



2016 has been an excellent year in the garden.  8 cucumber plants have produced 10 bushels of fruit to date





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